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Paragraph Writing S1 : The structure of the paragraph

University Hassan II Mohammedia

Faculty of letters Department of English English studies

Writing Paragraphs        Kesbi

Paragraph Writing S1
Paragraph Writing S1


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A paragraph must have specific details to support its controlling idea.  Unnecessary details should not be included.

 

I.                    Read the paragraph and underline the sentence with supporting detail that does not contribute to the controlling idea.

 

Chicago is called “the Windy city”, but its weather is not especially windy.  “Windy” was an old term for people who talked too much.  Early Chicagoans talked about the city’s future and predicted it would be one of the nation’s largest cities.  A reporter from New York thought Chicagoans were just bragging[1].  He wrote a story calling Chicago “The Windy City.”  Many cities have tall buildings.

 

2.                  Read the controlling ideas and lists of details below.  Circle the letter of the detail that does not contribute to the controlling idea.

 

1.   I like to live in the city for many reasons.

a)      variety of good restaurants

b)      movies, museums, special events

c)      inexpensive public transportation

d)      abundant land for farming

2.      The country has advantages over city life.

a)      slower life style

b)      interesting poems about country life

c)      fresh air and open fields

d)      less crowded living conditions

3.      Breakfast is my favourite daily event.

a)      a time for family to get together

b)      variety of breakfast foods

c)      energy provider for the day

d)      breakfast not eaten by most Europeans

4.       Jogging is one of the best types of exercise.

a)      warm or cold weather sport

b)      little equipment

c)      exciting races for 26 miles

d)      no time or place difficulties

 

 

Qualities and structure of the standard Paragraph

 

TO. S. U. D. I. C. : ……………………………………………………………

                                 ……………..

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise 1. Identify the structure of the following paragraphs.  State the ideas in your own words rather than simply copying the sentences word for word.

 

            Successful students have learned three important techniques: organising, planning and preparing.  Organised students have the necessary tools for their classes.  They usually carry an assignment notebook and calendar, a highlighting marker, folders to keep papers in order and a pocket dictionary.  In addition, successful students plan their time well.  They keep lists of assignments and due dates, and allow enough time to do the work.  Finally, successful students prepare well for tests.  They take good class notes and anticipate test questions.  Students with these techniques are the most likely to succeed in the classroom.

Topic idea: ……………………………………………………………………………………..

Supporting idea 1: ………………………………………………………………………………

Details: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Supporting idea 2: ………………………………………………………………………………………………

Details:  …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Supporting idea 3: ……………………………………………………………………………..

Details: ………………………………………………………………………………………..

Concluding idea: ………………………………………………………………………………

 

            Travelling to university classes is much easier for some students than for others.  My cousin Samira has a very difficult trip.  She lives on the outskirts of Mohammedia and has to take two buses in order to reach the university.  Waiting for the buses can be unpleasant, especially when it is raining and the ride takes almost an hour.  My trip is much easier than Samira’s because I live in the Wafa area, just a half-hour’s walk from the university.  My classmate Jamal has the least difficulty getting to classes.  Since he is a soldier as well as a student, he only has to walk across the road to reach the university.  Despite these differences, all of us usually arrive at the university at the same time each day.

Topic idea: ……………………………………………………………………………………..

Supporting idea 1: ………………………………………………………………………………

Details: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Supporting idea 2: ………………………………………………………………………………………………

Details:  …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Supporting idea 3: ……………………………………………………………………………..

Details: ………………………………………………………………………………………..

Concluding idea: ………………………………………………………………………………

 



[1] Brag: boast


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