University Hassan II Mohammedia
Faculty of letters Department of English English studies
Writing Paragraphs Kesbi
I. Expanding sentences
A complete sentence must have a subject part and a predicate part. However, some complete sentences give only a little information.
Read these sentences.
The planet appeared.
A new planet appeared.
Scientist observed the planet.
. Adjective, adverbs and prepositional phrases can make sentences more descriptive and specific.
1. Exercise A
Write each sentence. Add an adjective, adverb or a prepositional phrase in the places shown in the parentheses.
1) Charley told me about his (adjective) dog, Max.
2) Max is a (adverb) smart dog.
3) It’ll carry things (phrase).
2. Exercise B
Add adjectives, adverbs and prepositional phrases to the sentences below.
1) The girls stood.
2) The woman waved.
3) The crowd cheered.
3. Exercise C
Write three descriptive sentences about three animals. Use adjective, adverbs and prepositional phrases.
II Combining sentences
II a Combining subjects and predicates
Sentences with the same predicate or with the same subject can often be combined into one sentence.
1) Exercise A
Use the common predicate or subject to combine the sets of sentences.
1. José likes to fish. His sister likes to fish.
2. Flora caught two fish. Flora cleaned two fish.
3. Their mother enjoys fishing. Their father enjoys fishing.
4. Flora squeezed lemons. Flora made lemonade.
II b Combining with adjectives, adverbs and phrases
Exercise Combine each group of sentences into one sentence.
1. It was a cool day. It was a windy day. It was a cloudy day.
2. The beach was deserted. The beach was sandy. The beach was large.
3. The man jogged. The man jogged slowly. The man jogged near the shore.
4. The runner threw a stick. The stick was wooden. The stick was for the dog.
II.c Combining sentences
Sometimes two sentences with related ideas can be combined into a compound sentence.
Exercise Use the conjunction in parentheses and a comma to combine each pair of related sentences.
1. Was there one writer named Mark Twain? Did two writers share that name? (or)
2. The author of Huckleberry Finn called himself Mark Twain. There was apparently another writer of the same name. (but)
3. Mark Twain was the “pen name” of Samuel Clemens. It was also the name used by another writer. (but)
II.d Combining sentences in other ways
You can sometimes combine two sentences by changing one of the sentences into an appositive or into a prepositional phrase.
Exercise A Combine each set of sentences by making one of the sentences into an appositive. Be sure to use commas to set off the appositive.
Example: Jacqueline flew many types of planes. She was a famous pilot.
Jacqueline, a famous pilot, flew many types of planes.
1. Jacqueline set many records. She was an expert pilot.
2. Jacqueline grew up in a foster home. She was an orphan.
3. She flew a fighter plane in 1936. It was the Starfighter.
Exercise B Use a prepositional phrase to combine the sentences.
Example: Amelia was born in Kansas. She was born in 1898.
Amelia was born in Kansas in 1898.
1. Amelia flew aeroplanes. She flew with great skill.
2. She flew by herself. She flew across the Atlantic Ocean.
3. Amelia wrote a book. It was about her flights.