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PARAGRAPH WRITING S1 | Chapter 1 : The sentence

 University Hassan II Mohammedia

Faculty of letters Department of English English studies

Writing Paragraphs        Kesbi

PARAGRAPH WRITING S1 | Chapter 1 : The sentence
PARAGRAPH WRITING S1


I)                  Sentences

 

You use groups of words to tell your thoughts or ideas many times every day.  Some groups of words state a complete idea.  Other groups of words may state part of an idea.  But they do not give you a complete idea.

·        Read these groups of words.

The scientists.

The scientists watch the screen.

A rocket

A rocket leaves earth.

 

A sentence is a group of words that states a complete idea

 

·        Read each group of words.  Write sentence if the group of words is a sentence.  Write not a sentence if the group of words is not a sentence.

1.     The space station spins towards Mars.

2.     Some space engineers.

3.     The Chinese invented the first rockets.

4.     A tower near the rocket.

5.     Astronauts went to the spaceship in an elevator.

 

II)              Types of sentences

A declarative sentence is a sentence that makes a statement or tells something.

·        We travelled to California for our vacation.

An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks something.

·        Have you ever been there?

An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that shows strong feeling.

·        What a wonderful time we had!

An imperative sentence is a sentence that tells someone to do something.

·        Describe your vacation to me.

 

Write D for a declarative sentence, Int for an interrogative sentence, Imp for an imperative sentence and E for an exclamatory sentence.

1) What did you see in California?

2) I saw three movie stars.

3) How excited I was!

4) Tell me their names.

5) How beautiful it looked!

6) Did you talk to them?

 

III)          Capitalising and punctuating sentences

 

·        Use a capital letter to begin the first word of every sentence.

·        Use a period (.) at the end of a declarative or an imperative sentence.

·        Use a question mark (?) at the end of an interrogative sentence.

·        Use an exclamation mark (!) at the end of an exclamatory sentence.

 

 

Write each sentence on the line following it.  Use a capital letter at the beginning of each sentence.  Put the correct punctuation mark at the end.

1.     why are you standing there

2.     how impatient you are

3.     close the door

4.     why is it open

5.     the mail will be here soon

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

 

Imagine you are watching a boat race.  On the blank lines write about it.

1)    (Declarative) ………………………………………..

2)    (Imperative) ………………………………………...

3)    (Interrogative) ……………………………………..

4)     (Exclamatory) ………………………………….

 

IV)           Subject and predicate parts

 

The subject part of a sentence names whom or what the sentence is about.

·        My friends swam at the beach.

The predicate part of a sentence tells what action the subject part does.

·        My friends swam at the beach.

 

Show the subject part and the predicate part of the following sentences.

Sentence

Subject part

Predicate part

1. Children played in the sand.

 

 

2. Many people swam.

 

 

3. A woman gathered seashells.

 

 

4. Explorers landed on the moon.

 

 

 

Imagine you are at the beach.  Complete each sentence below with a subject part or a predicate part.

1.     ……………………………………………… shines in the sky.

2.     A gentle wind …………………………………………………..

3.     Several birds …………………………………………………...

4.     ……………………………………………… build a sandcastle.

5.     ………………………………………buries his feet in the sand.

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